Cholesterol is essential for our wellbeing. This form of lipid[fat] is needed to make hormones and build membranes that keep cell contents intact. Made by our liver as needs dictate, less is produced from scratch when we eat cholesterol-rich foods. It moves around our body in one of two kinds of molecular palanquin – high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Both are essential at the right levels. Although the passenger is the same, HDL is dubbed ‘good’ cholesterol. It protects against clogged arteries by carrying redundant cholesterol away to the liver for recycling. LDL is known as ‘bad’ cholesterol –it sometimes exists as small particles which can block vessels. If particles build up, cholesterol crystals (seen here) can grow, hardening, blocking and inflaming the vessel. This poses serious health risks of stroke and heart disease.
Written by Manisha Lalloo
BPoD stands for Biomedical Picture of the Day. Managed by the MRC London Institute of Medical Sciences the website aims to engage everyone, young and old, in the wonders of biomedicine. Images are kindly provided for inclusion on this website through the generosity of scientists across the globe.
BPoD is also available in Catalan at www.bpod.cat with translations by the University of Valencia.