We can learn a lot from the fruit fly, Drosophila. A distant relative of ours, around 50% of fly genes have a counterpart, in our own genome. Scientists often use the inner workings of fly cells as biological models for our own. This picture shows Drosophila sperm cells with tails. Their long tails or flagella, curl around in circles. Scientists have no idea why fly sperm need tails up to six centimetres, since this is 20 times the length of the fly itself. The picture was taken using phase contrast microscopy, which is sensitive to the way light bends around invisible structural details, allowing the flagellar wake to be watched in real time. Observing sperm motility allows researchers to assess the function of different genes in fly fertility, and often to infer crucial roles for corresponding genes in human reproduction too.
Written by John Ankers
BPoD stands for Biomedical Picture of the Day. Managed by the MRC London Institute of Medical Sciences the website aims to engage everyone, young and old, in the wonders of biomedicine. Images are kindly provided for inclusion on this website through the generosity of scientists across the globe.
BPoD is also available in Catalan at www.bpod.cat with translations by the University of Valencia.