While many organisms may seem symmetrical, this appearance is often only skin deep. Internal organs such as the heart and liver develop primarily on one side of the body, but how this process unfolds is poorly understood. What is clear though is that a gene called Sox17 is important. Researchers find it plays a vital role in encouraging different cell types to mix – a process that has not yet begun in the 8-day-old mouse embryo pictured. Like boys and girls at a school disco, these specialised cells (red and green) huddle together in separate areas, with one variety (green), concentrated along the middle line and egg sac (thick green band around the edge). But, just as both sexes must eventually mingle, so too must these cells for a well-formed, and asymmetric embryo. And that can’t happen without Sox17 to get the party going.
Written by Jan Piotrowski
BPoD stands for Biomedical Picture of the Day. Managed by the MRC London Institute of Medical Sciences the website aims to engage everyone, young and old, in the wonders of biomedicine. Images are kindly provided for inclusion on this website through the generosity of scientists across the globe.
BPoD is also available in Catalan at www.bpod.cat with translations by the University of Valencia.