In 1911 Chancellor of the Exchequer Lloyd George passed the National Insurance Act. The law set a historical precedent, channelling up to a penny per working person per year into medical research. The government appointed a committee (the Medical Research Committee) to oversee the administration of funds. In 1913, this yielded £57,000 for science (equivalent to around £4 million today). TB – then responsible for around 50,000 deaths a year in the UK – was to be a major research focus. Seven years later the establishment of a Royal Charter for medical research effectively separated the administration of finances for scientific investigation from the National Insurance scheme, and the Committee became the Medical Research Council. The original charter was passed in 1920 under King George V, and was amended after Queen Elizabeth’s accession to the throne. The current charter (pictured) dates from 2003.
Written by Brona McVittie
BPoD stands for Biomedical Picture of the Day. Managed by the MRC London Institute of Medical Sciences the website aims to engage everyone, young and old, in the wonders of biomedicine. Images are kindly provided for inclusion on this website through the generosity of scientists across the globe.
BPoD is also available in Catalan at www.bpod.cat with translations by the University of Valencia.