Around one in ten people with diabetes will develop a foot ulcer and up to a quarter of those will get so severe that they eventually require amputation. Ulcers are broken or damaged patches of skin that don’t heal properly and become infected. They happen because diabetes can affect the nerves in the feet, so the skin doesn’t heal properly and pain signals don’t reach the brain. As a result, even simple damage like a small cut or bruise can develop into a serious ulcer. Spotting a developing ulcer before it gets bad and treating it quickly is the key to reducing suffering and amputations, but it’s hard to spot potential problems lurking under the skin. Thermal cameras capture temperature information about the feet, like the image shown here, revealing red ‘hotspots’ where an ulcer is likely to develop and highlighting the need for swift treatment before it gets worse.
BPoD stands for Biomedical Picture of the Day. Managed by the MRC London Institute of Medical Sciences the website aims to engage everyone, young and old, in the wonders of biomedicine. Images are kindly provided for inclusion on this website through the generosity of scientists across the globe.
BPoD is also available in Catalan at www.bpod.cat with translations by the University of Valencia.