Medical Research Council - London Institute of Medical Sciences

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RPS International Images for Science Bionic Eyes
23 November 2017

Bionic Eyes

These surgeons are carrying out the painstaking process of inserting a retinal implant – a tiny electronic sensor that’s a bionic vision system for the blind. These devices work by capturing light information and converting it into electrical signals which travel down the optic nerve to the brain, where they’re interpreted as images. It sounds like a sci-fi solution for sight loss, but there are several limitations. Because retinal implants rely on the nerves from the eye still being intact, they aren’t suitable for all types of blindness. The resolution is also very low – several hundreds of pixels compared to the many thousands that would be needed to recognise a face. Today’s implants are still a long way from fully restoring sight, although they enable people to perceive shapes and shadows. But as technology improves and more pixels are added, there’s hope that a clearer picture will emerge from the darkness.

Written by Kat Arney

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