Medical Research Council - London Institute of Medical Sciences

Now in our 10th year of bringing you beautiful imagery from biomedical science every day

Critical Number

Insight into why many early embryos fail to develop – implications for preventing miscarriage and infertility

06 June 2021

Critical Number

Most human embryos fail to develop to term, often because they carry the wrong number of chromosomes, a condition known as aneuploidy. Approximately 50–70% of human early embryos are estimated to be aneuploid, and while some issues occur within the egg itself, something else must be causing such high levels of complications. Working with human and bovine embryos, which also experience this problem, researchers identified a crucial moment when errors arise, at the zygote stage, immediately after fertilisation (pictured, in a bovine embryo, with the cytoskeleton in blue). When the separate pronuclei carrying parental chromosomes (in pink) come together, the chromosomes gather at the pronuclear interface, but as the cytoskeleton orchestrates these complicated movements, this clustering step can easily go awry, causing chromosomes to go missing in subsequent cell divisions. A major cause of miscarriages and infertility, understanding this process could also help improve the selection of healthy embryos for fertility treatments.

Written by Emmanuelle Briolat

Search The Archive

Submit An Image

What is BPoD?

BPoD stands for Biomedical Picture of the Day. Managed by the MRC London Institute of Medical Sciences the website aims to engage everyone, young and old, in the wonders of biomedicine. Images are kindly provided for inclusion on this website through the generosity of scientists across the globe.

Read More

BPoD is also available in Catalan at www.bpod.cat with translations by the University of Valencia.